How to Become a Medical Lab Technician in 4 Easy Steps

February 13, 2024

The need for qualified experts who can handle the complex world of laboratory science is growing along with our healthcare system. Like many other professions in the field of medicine, medical laboratory technicians (MLTs) play an indispensable part in diagnosing, monitoring, and treating various illnesses. From deciphering complex test results to ensuring the accuracy of critical medical data, medical laboratory technicians are the backbone of modern medicine.

The demand for competent and dedicated MLTs is on the rise, driven by the relentless advancement of medical science and the growing complexity of diagnostic procedures. Now more than ever, healthcare institutions are seeking individuals with the expertise to operate cutting-edge laboratory equipment, analyze diverse biological samples, and contribute to the accurate interpretation of medical tests.

Join us as we delve into the fundamental aspects of becoming a medical laboratory technician. Our step-by-step guide will help you navigate your way toward a rewarding career as a medical laboratory technician, from education and training requirements to the essential skills and qualities that distinguish successful MLTs.

What Is a Medical Lab Technician and What Do They Do?

A Medical Laboratory Technician (MLT) is a highly skilled professional integral to the functioning of the healthcare system, specializing in the analysis of medical samples to provide crucial information for disease diagnosis and treatment.

These professionals operate behind the scenes in clinical laboratories, using advanced scientific techniques and state-of-the-art technology to study various specimens like blood, urine, and tissue samples. Their main role involves performing a variety of laboratory tests, ranging from routine screenings to intricate analyses, all with the goal of revealing insights that assist physicians in diagnosing illnesses and keeping track of patient health.

The responsibilities of MLTs extend beyond merely running tests:

  • They ensure the accuracy and reliability of results, meticulously documenting findings and conveying critical information to physicians.
  • They contribute significantly to patient care by assisting in the early detection of diseases, monitoring treatment effectiveness, and guiding healthcare decisions based on scientific evidence.

As key players in the diagnostic process, MLTs are instrumental in helping medical practitioners make informed choices that directly impact patient outcomes, underscoring their indispensable role in the continuum of healthcare delivery.

The Step-By-Step Guide To Become A Medical Laboratory Technician

Starting a rewarding career as a medical laboratory technician is a well-structured journey that begins with fundamental steps and progresses into a rewarding profession.

Step 1: Obtain A High School Diploma

Begin your path to becoming a medical laboratory technician by ensuring you have a strong educational foundation. Get a high school diploma or its equivalent, as this is the first crucial step.

Step 2: Earn An Associate Degree or Medical Lab Technician Certificate

Equip yourself with the necessary knowledge and skills by pursuing an Associate Degree in Medical Laboratory Technology or completing a Medical Lab Technician Certificate program. These educational pathways provide a comprehensive understanding of laboratory procedures, diagnostic techniques, and the scientific principles essential for success in the field.

Step 3: Get Medical Laboratory Technician (MLT) Certification

Distinguish yourself by obtaining certification as a medical laboratory technician. Consider pursuing certification through respected organizations such as the or the. Achieving MLT certification demonstrates your commitment to professional excellence and enhances your credibility within the healthcare industry.

  • AAB Certification: The AAB certification is granted by the American Association of Bioanalysts, validating your proficiency in medical laboratory science and ensuring that you meet industry standards.
  • ASCP Certification: The American Society for Clinical Pathology (ASCP) offers certification, a widely recognized credential in the field. ASCP certification signifies your competence in performing laboratory tests and your dedication to upholding the highest standards of patient care.

Step 4: Get A Medical Lab Technician Position

Apply your knowledge and skills in a practical setting by securing a position as a Medical Laboratory Technician. Explore job opportunities in hospitals, clinics, research laboratories, or other healthcare settings. 

Other Related Medical Lab Technician Careers

Exploring these related careers allows you to explore other opportunities within the medical laboratory field, whether by specializing in a specific area of interest or progressing into roles with increased responsibility and leadership:

Clinical Laboratory Technologist (CLS/MT)

Building upon the foundation of a medical laboratory technician, a Clinical Laboratory Technologist takes on a more advanced role. With a bachelor’s degree and additional training, they oversee complex laboratory tests, analyze data, and ensure the accuracy of results. 


Specializing in the microscopic examination of cellular samples, cytotechnologists play a crucial role in cancer diagnosis and prevention. They examine cells for abnormalities and provide insights into conditions such as cancer or infections. 


Histotechnologists are experts in preparing tissue samples for microscopic examination by pathologists. They use various techniques to process and stain tissues, allowing for the identification of abnormalities and diseases. 

Clinical Laboratory Manager

For those aspiring to combine their technical skills with leadership responsibilities, a career as a Clinical Laboratory Manager might be the perfect fit. In this role, professionals oversee the daily operations of a clinical laboratory, manage staff, ensure regulatory compliance, and contribute to strategic planning. 

Molecular Biology Technologist

As molecular diagnostics become increasingly vital in healthcare, Molecular Biology Technologists focus on analyzing genetic material to identify and understand diseases at a molecular level. This specialization involves using advanced techniques such as PCR (polymerase chain reaction) and DNA sequencing. 

Start Your Medical Medical Lab Technician Journey with ѻý

The Medical Laboratory Technology program at ѻý is designed to provide you with the skills and knowledge required for success in the ever-changing field of clinical laboratories. The curriculum is designed to cover a broad spectrum of topics, including laboratory techniques, diagnostic procedures, and the utilization of state-of-the-art technology. You’ll receive hands-on training, preparing you to face the challenges of real-world laboratory settings after graduation.

ѻý stands out not only for its curriculum but also for its cutting-edge facilities. You benefit from access to state-of-the-art laboratories equipped with the latest technology.

We go beyond traditional education by incorporating internship opportunities into our program. These internships not only enhance your competence but also provide networking opportunities within the industry. Our commitment to the success of its graduates is evident through our robust career services.


Why Pursue a Career as a Medical Laboratory Technician?

A career as a medical laboratory technician provides a unique combination of intellectual satisfaction, critical contribution to patient care, and dynamic challenges. Because medical science is constantly evolving, it is an ideal profession for those looking for a fulfilling and impactful healthcare career.

How Long Do You Have to Attend School to Be a Medical Laboratory Technician?

Becoming a medical laboratory technician typically requires completing an associate degree program, which usually takes about two years. This duration includes both classroom instruction and hands-on clinical training to ensure comprehensive preparation for the role. The program allows aspiring technicians to enter the workforce relatively quickly.

Do I Need a Degree to Become a Medical Laboratory Technician?

Yes, to become a medical laboratory technician, you generally need to earn an associate degree in Medical Laboratory Technology or a related field. This educational requirement ensures that you acquire the necessary knowledge and practical skills to perform laboratory tests accurately and contribute effectively to the healthcare system.